The program of the 14th GAAF meeting is now available (in english for now).
From April the 12th to the 14th 2023, you’ll can find many communications and posters on the following 3 axes :
Axis 1: What methods should be used to reconstruct the natural and anthropic elements of funerary spaces (written sources, paleoenvironment, prospecting, etc.)?
Axis 2: Internal landscape of burial grounds: grammar of social, symbolic and technical uses of funerary spaces
Axis 3: Funerary spaces/landscapes and territory: visibility, role, network
Two evening events will also be provided during this meeting:
- 04/12 at 6:30 pm : a public lecture will be presented in french by S. Martin (malacologist, Inrap, UMR 5140 ASM)
Subject : The Burgundy’s snail, from the plate to the science. Environnental archaeology and landscapes history.
- 04/12 at 7:30 pm : discovery and tasting of Burgundian gastronomy and wines (by registration)
Organizing Committee :
C. Fossurier (Inrap, UMR 7268 ADES), Y. Labaune (Service Archéologique de la Ville d’Autun, UMR 6298 ARTEHIS), R. Labeaune (Inrap, UMR 6298 ARTEHIS), C. Laforest (Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, UMR 5199 PACEA), I. Le Goff (Inrap, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie), V. Taillandier (Université de Lille, UMR 8164 HALMA), A. Thomas (MNHN, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie), A. Burgevin (Inrap, UMR 6249 Chrono-environnement)
Scientific Committee :
V. Bel (Inrap, UMR 5140 ASM), L. Bonnabel (Inrap, UMR 8215 Trajectoires), P. Chambon (CNRS, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie), J.-P. Chimier (Inrap, UMR 7324 Criteres), G. Daoulas (Inrap, UMR 7209 AASPE), F. Delrieu (SRA Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, UMR 5138 Arar), C. Fossurier (Inrap, UMR 7268 ADES), M. Gaultier (Sadil, UMR 7324 Criteres), A. Hostein (EPHE, UMR 8210 AnHimMA), Y. Labaune (Service Archéologique de la Ville d’Autun, UMR 6298 ARTEHIS), R. Labeaune (Inrap, UMR 6298 ARTEHIS), C. Laforest (Institut Royal
des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, UMR 5199 PACEA), I. Le Goff (Inrap, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie), S. Martin (Inrap, UMR 5140 ASM), P. Nouvel (Université de Bourgogne, UMR 6298 ARTEHIS), R. Peake (Inrap, UMR 6298 ARTEHIS), F.-X. Simon (Inrap, UMR 6249 Chrono-environnement), V. Taillandier (Université de Lille, UMR 8164 HALMA), M. Talon (SRA Bourgogne – Franche-Comté, UMR 8164 HALMA), A. Thomas (MNHN, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie), V. Van Andringa (EPHE, UMR 8546 AOrOC)
Scientific, logistical and financial partners :
Ministère de la Culture, SRA Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Université de Bourgogne
UMR 6249 Chrono-environnement
UMR 6298 ARTEHIS
UMR 7268 ADéS
UMR 8164 HALMA
Ville de Dijon
Département de la Côte-d’Or
Tourisme et visite à Dijon – Office de Tourisme de Dijon Métropole, Bourgogne Franche-Comté (destinationdijon.com)13th Meeting – The Cremation
For the past twenty years, methods and reflections intrinsic to the excavation and study of structures linked to the practice of cremation have continued to evolve, with a growing and more diverse community of researchers. The GAAF 2022 Meetings are part of the questions already developed in part during the Meetings around the Fire (GAAFIF, 1998) and the Meetings on New Approaches to Funeral Archaeology (GAAF, 2014, session 2). The objective of the 13th edition of the GAAF, which took place in Toulouse from May 30th to June 1st, 2022 was to take stock of our discipline, to show the progress made and to bring about a collective reflection on its necessary evolution.
It also gave the opportunity to open a discussion on the relationship ancient or current societies have with cremation, in the widest possible chronological and geographical framework. This process has also address the relationship between cremation and burial, what these practices share or how they differ, in situations of continuity or rupture, depending on the society or the era.
Presentations and discussions were organized around four main themes.
Theme 1: Cremation from in the past and today
Theme 2: Archaeosciences
Theme 3: Methodological feedback and survey strategies
Theme 4: Current researchRencontre autour du corps malade : prise en charge et traitement funéraire des individus souffrants à travers les siècles (the unhealthy body: the care for and funerary treatment of the ill and infirm across the ages)
Visible or imperceptible, acute or chronic, disabled or slightly impaired, illnesses have continuously affected past populations. Over the course of centuries and millennia, human groups have developed varied solutions–medical, religious or juridical–when faced with such occurrences. The ill were treated in a highly variable manner according to time and place, being socially included or excluded, cared for or neglected, invested with magical powers or viewed with ignominy. But how is this reflected in the place of burial, or the care of the corpse in past societies? By placing those who suffered from various afflictions from prehistory to the contemporary world at the centre of the debate, this is the subject addressed in the 10th annual meeting of the Anthropology and Funerary Archaeology Group (Gaaf).
To understand the treatment of the ill in the past from burial treatments and the spatial organisation of cemeteries comprises a real challenge for archaeological research. Indeed, until relatively recently, the individuals themselves and their remains have not been the focus of much attention in works dealing with the place of the ill within society. Up to the end of the 19th century, sufferers were only studied as part of historical treatments of charity written by researchers from the perspective of traditional Christian models. During the greater part of the 20th century, their status was principally viewed from the perspective of the history of European care institutions. It was not until the end of the century that the ill finally became true subjects of study as a result of developments in the social sciences. Since, the expansion of rescue archaeology and the development of human bioarchaeology have resulted in many more finds of individuals affected by illnesses, those who are today at the centre of scientific investigations, in the same way as care institutions and medical instruments from the past are. Drawing on the advances in this research area, the meeting will provide the occasion to formulate an outline of the evidence for the care of the ill but also to re-open discussion on the treatment of the bodies of the unwell from the perspective of funerary archaeology.
Through this international and multi-disciplinary call for papers, the conference organisers wish to provide a forum for exchange between researchers coming from diverse disciplinary backgrounds–by encouraging the participation of archaeologists and anthropologists working on varied geographical and chronological scales, as well as researchers from other social sciences and humanities disciplines, for example historians, sociologists, and ethnologists. If palaeopathological diagnosis is of great importance for addressing the relationship between human remains and the evidence for illness, this meeting will not solely have the goal of drawing together presentations principally directed at skeletal manifestations of illness. These may be addressed through particularly illustrative cases, but the social and funerary aspects will be given preference and placed at centre-stage in presentations. Oral presentations of synthetic treatments addressing the care and funerary treatment of the ill at site, regional, or national scales will be especially welcomed.
Scientific discussion have been organised around four general themes. The first three treated the place of burial of sufferers of ill health, the funerary treatment accorded to their remains and the symbolic, prophylactic or magico-religious activities surrounding their burials. The fourth and last theme addressed the contribution of archaeology to the understanding of past medical and surgical practices, as revealed through studies of human remains.
Theme 1 – Accommodation: the places catering for the burial of the ill
Theme 2 – Burial: treatment of the cadaver
Theme 3 – Accompaniments: objects, materials, and symbols
Theme 4 – To care for, to repair, and to dissect: human remains, testaments to ante- and post-mortem medical and surgical practicesThe funeral ceremonies. Bones and tears: preparing the body, mourning and honoring the dead
The passing away of an individual from the group, that is, the death of a loved one, is a source of social disruption that can be experienced diversely, at both the individual and the broader family or societal level. Traditional societies have almost universally ritualized this event. The emotions that come along the loss of a dear one have led “those who remain” to take a series of actions, which may vary according to time, culture and social strata within a society. The funeral ceremony and the burial or cremation of the body are generally the culmination of this series of actions. Whatever their nature, the funerary behaviors can be interpreted as voluntary attitudes forming part of the social processes aimed at integrating the loss. This can be compared to the “work of mourning”, according to the Freud’s now classic expression, adapted to the collective scale.
The 12th Rencontre du Gaaf will be held virtually, from may 26th to 28th 2021. The conference will focus on funeral, in the broadest sense of the term, i.e. all the actions taken to allow the passage from the day of life to the darkness of death. This includes all the gestures carried on or around the body and the grave, before, during and after the deposition of the body, whether they are anecdotal or indicative of a chaîne opératoire. Not only the technical gestures that allow proper funeral will be considered, but also those with ritual purposes, those used to prepare the body and arrange the grave, and those related to commemorative activities.
Podium and poster presentations will focus on the three main phases of the funeral:
- The preparation time: preparation and transportation of the body, digging of the grave, construction of the burial containers, graves goods, etc.
- The moment of the funeral: management of the body, associated ceremonies, nature of the deposits, etc.
- The various forms of memory: grave markers, post-ceremonial gestures, reopening of the graves, etc.
Free registration here until may 24thRencontre autour des sépultures habillées (clothes in burials)
Please the the publication page.
This publication is out of stock but can be downloaded.Rencontres autour de la mort des tout-petits (the death of little ones)
Please see the publication pageRencontre autour du cadavre (the corpse)
Please see the publication page.Rencontre autour de l’animal en contexte funéraire (the animal in a funerary context)
Please see the publication page.Rencontre autour des paysages du cimetière médiéval et moderne (the landscapes of the medieval and postmedieval cemetery)
Please see the publication page.Rencontre autour de nouvelles approches de l’archéologie funéraire (new approaches of funerary archaeology)
Please see the publication page.